The Rule of Stalin

  • Created by: TaylorYS
  • Created on: 08-06-19 13:35
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  • Stalin's Rise to Power
    • Becoming Party Leader
      • Power Base
        • Party Secretary
          • Control of Politburo agendas
        • Orgburo and Secretariat
          • Control of appointments in positions of responsibility
        • Party Organisation
          • Packed congress with his supporters
          • Powerful ally, others seeked his support
        • Party Membership
          • Could remove those likely to support Trotsky
          • New young, urban workers, and poorly educated ex peasants
      • Lenin's Testament
        • Heavily criticised Stalin and ordered that Stalin was not to be trusted
        • Was never released publicly because:
          • Stalin wasn't seen as a threat (Grey Blur)
          • It spoke unflatteringly of other ministers because of their opposition to Lenin (Zinoviev and Kamenev)
          • It was thought the testament would help Trotsky
      • Lenin's Funeral
        • Stalin as Lenin's disciple
        • Trotsky told the wrong day
      • Removal of the Left
        • Kamenev and Zinoviev
          • Initially allied with Stalin in favour of the NEP, and easily defeated Trotsky in the votes
            • Stalin set the left against each other, and posed himself as the peacemaker
              • Stalin eventually allied with Bukharin on the right, and Stalin's control of the delegate meant they been Kamenev and Zinoviev in all votes
                • Kamenev and Zinoviev allied with Trotsky in the United Opposition, but were accused of factionalism and removed from positions of power
        • Trotsky
          • Exiled from the USSR in 1929
      • Removal of the Right
        • Stalin turned against the NEP and attacked the right in 1928
          • Bukharin, Rykov, and Tomsky were removed from the Politburo
      • Weaknesses of the Right and Left
        • Right
          • Economic arguments appeared unrealistic
          • Plea for softer line with peasants was unacceptable
          • Could not form an organised opposition while Stalin controlled the party machine
        • Left
          • Could not form an organised opposition while Stalin controlled the party machine
          • Easily infiltrated and defeated by Stalin
    • The Rule of Stalin
      • Handling of the Economy
        • Collectivisation
          • Aim
            • Stalin wanted to end private land ownership
          • Methods
            • De-Kulakisation
              • Rich peasants were monopolising their land
                • Hoarded grain, keeping prices high, making themselves richer and the poor poorer
                  • Poorer peasants were on board with de-kulakisation because of this
            • Collective and State Farms
          • Positives
            • Helped with a greatly needed shift from rural to urban society by pushing peasants away from their land
            • State procurement of grain grew
              • Fed workforce and sold abroad for industrial equipment fund
          • Negatives
            • Hunger and Famine
              • Grain harvests dropped dramatically in the early 1930s when it was most needed
              • Huge amount of animal population lost
              • Famine 1932-34
            • Social effects
              • Peasants slaughtered their remaining animals and ate their seed corn
                • Punishments did not help as stocks couldn't be replenished
                • Kazakhstan lost 90% of livestock
            • Resistance
              • Thousands of arson attacks
              • Increase in rural mass disturbance
              • Women
                • Seized bags of grain dumped by requisitioners
                • Led demonstrations as they were the first effected (as care providers) and they were less likely to suffer reprocutions
        • Five Year Plans
          • First
            • Emphasis on heavy industry
            • Success
              • Electricity production trebled
              • Coal and Iron production doubled, steel increased by a third
              • Machine tools and industrial complexes built
              • Tractor works
            • Failure
              • Consumer industries
              • Chemical targets not met
              • Lack of skilled workers
            • High targets meant many not met, and Great Depression caused a struggle
          • Second
            • Emphasis still on heavy industry, but also communications
            • Success
              • Plants built  benefited heavy industry
              • Self sufficient machine making and metal working
              • Communications and transport saw rapid growth
              • Chemical industries and mettalurgy developed
            • Failure
              • Consumer goods still lagging
              • Oil production not growing as expected
            • Targets were made more realistic, 3 good years
          • Third
            • Focus on heavy industry and armaments for WW2
            • Success
              • Defence and armaments grew rapidly due to heavy focus
              • Heavy industry still growing, but some areas did poorly
            • Failure
              • Steel output growth insignificant
              • Consumer goods still lagging
              • Factories short of materials
            • Hard winter 1938, purges created personnel shortages
          • Strengths
          • Weaknesses
        • Aims
          • Second Revolution
            • Modernisation of the economy by state control and direction
          • Resolution from above
          • Rapid Industrialisation
            • Increase Military Strength
            • Achieve Self-Sufficiency
            • Increase Grain Supplies
            • Improve Standards of Living
            • Establish his own credentials
            • Move towards a socialist society
      • Stalin's Dictatorship
        • Growth of the Police State
        • Cult of Personality
    • Contenders for Leadership
      • Left
        • Trotsky
        • Zinoviev
        • Kamenev
      • Right
        • Rykov
        • Tomsky
        • Bukharin
      • Centre
        • Stalin
          • Character
            • Schemer, obsessive in search for personal power
            • Paranoid of everyone
            • Intellegent and Resourceful
          • Abilities
            • Administrator
            • Manager
            • Planner

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