The Romanov Family

View mindmap
  • The Royal Russian Family
    • Nicholas & Alexandria
      • 20 April 1894 Tsar Nicholas proposed to Princess Alexandria of Hesse. Letters document love "Niki" and "Alix"
      • First 2 daughters- "Big Pair" Olga and Tatiana, "Little Pair" Maria and Anastasia, then heir to throne Alexei
      • People saw her as a cold, unhappy German Princess
      • Abdication- March 1917
    • Alexei
      • Diagnosed with Hemophilia (blood does not clot)- untreatable and fatal
      • Rasputin (mystic) helped Alexei when bleeding
    • Rasputin
      • Tsarina thought only he could cure Alexei (doctors could do nothing)
      • Claimed that the dynasty of Tsrevich and Romanov were linked to him and could not be undone
      • Russian officials made the call- poisoned wine and tea, shot twice- bound body and threw it into Neva River (only died then)
      • Tsarina asked advice on domestic policy (Tsar leading troops)
    • Final Days + Execution
      • Vladimir Lenin and Bolsheviks controlled revolution and wanted to govern country
      • Family under house arrest by Bolsheviks. Many believed Tsar still ruler- became problem for Lenin
      • 17 July- Family warned of trouble safer in basement (doctor + 3 servants). Shot by 12 Red Army Members
        • Legend: Princesses wore bayonets (stuffed with jewels)-deflected bullets
        • Yurovsky (carried out execution) bodies were soaked in acid, burned and thrown down mine shaft
    • After Death
      • Morning after execution bodies retrieved and buried at another location (fear of being found). Vehicle broke down-buried in pit along cart track
      • 1979 grave discovered, authenticity of remains questioned (9 bodies found) 2 others incinerated and not taken from mineshaft. 1995 Soviet Union fell examination and exhumed of bodies were agreed to
      • Authenticate- Fingerprints, Dental Records, Physical Inspection (bayonet stabs, defeat, bullet wounds) Evidence on bodies matched with reports of execution
        • Nuclear DNA fingerprinting- 3 were young daughters of adult male- not enough DNA to complete examination
          • Mitochondrial DNA Analysis- Taken from living relatives and deceased to prove remains belonged to Tsar and his family
      • Nine skeletons were reconstructed from 700 fragments of bone matched ages and genders of the executed
        • Anna Anderson said she was missing Anastasia until death 1984. Tissue sample tested from earlier procedure 1994. This showed she belonged to middle class Poland family

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all The Romanov Family resources »