The role of war in the development of surgery

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  • Created by: laura_s
  • Created on: 12-01-16 21:07
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  • The role of war in the development of surgery
    • Improved surgery of the eye, ear and throat.
    • The first brain surgery took place during the first world war.
      • Surgeons had to make early attempts of brain surgery as a result of some of the wounds that were received.
    • Between 1914 and 1921, 41,000 men in the British armed forced lost a limb.
      • This led to advances in prosthetic limbs, including light metal alloys.
        • Despite this, the waiting lists to receive prosthetic limbs were long.
    • Uses of explosives meant that soldiers were suffering from deep wounds. Fragments of clothing would also usually enter this wound.
      • Surgeons cut away at the infected tissue and soaked the wound in saline solution.
        • Despite this serious infections could still not be dealt with until antibiotics were developed later.,
    • New hospitals were built and x-ray machinery was developed
      • More soldiers could be treated
      • Surgeons could now spot bullets and shrapnel inside the body and remove them.
    • Harold Gillies introduced plastic surgery by repairing skin with skin grafting and pedicle tubes
      • He was able to achieve realistic and natural results with this technique.
      • He kept records so that he could e copied.


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