the role of the education system

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  • THE ROLE OF THE EDUCATION SYSTEM
    • FUNCTIONALIST VIEW
      • say that education has 3 functions which help society
      • 1) it teaches skills that are needed in work
      • 2) it sorts out people for the appropriate jobs - allocation
      • 3) plays a part in secondary socialisation - passing on core values
      • DURKHEIM said education passes on norms and values in order to integrate people into society and create social order
        • PARSONS describes school as a bridge between the family and adult roles. he also says education selects children for roles
          • the functionalist perspective says that education is meritocratic (meritocracy is when social rewards are allocated by talent and effort not being born into a position)
    • MARXIST VIEW
      • Says that education legitimises inequality through ideology
      • education prepares children for the world of work by giving them skills and values
      • education justifies inequality
      • education passes on ruling class ideology and supports capitalism
        • BOWLES AND GINTIS say there is a close link between school and work:tiaght to accept hierarchy, motivated by grades or pay, working hard is rewarded. they argue the hidden curriculum (being on time etc) prepares you for work
        • BOURDIEU used cultural capital to explain how the MC get top positions
      • ALTHUSSER education is a tool of capitalism which is used to pass on the belief that society is fair. he thinks education produces an obedient workforce
        • WILLIS argues that it doesn't create an obedient work force - anti school subculture
    • FEMINIST VIEW
      • Some feminists say that the hidden curriculum unofficially reinforces gender differences
        • men are seen to dominate the top positions in schools like headmaster
      • there are still gender differences in subject choice - gender stereotyping still exists
        • girls are outperforming boys - boys still demand more teacher attention
    • SIMILARITIES & DIFFERENCES  BETWEEN M&FUN VIEWS
      • They both look at the bigger picture- the whole structure of society and the link to work
        • They see inequality different - Marxists say it maintains inequality and functionalists say it lets people better themselves
  • PROBLEMS WITH MARXISM
    • assumes people are passive victims and exaggerates how much WC children are socialised into obedience
      • most people are aware of the inequality in education - most people don't believe that society is fair

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