The roles of education: functionalism


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  • The role of  education: Fuctionalism
    • Teaching core values
      • Teaching the norms and values of society to new generations
        • Parsons 'Value Consensus.’ This is when everyone in society shares  norms and values. Education  helps develop this, helping  society function  successfully.
          • school prepares us for society by helping us move from particularistic to universalistic standards.
            • Universalistic standards: When we are adults we are judged against our peers by society. Every achievement is measured against the achievements of other people who are the same age as us.
            • particularistic standards: When we are children our parents judge us against ourselves. Every achievement is measured against our other achievements
            • Schools helps prepare us to face universalistic standards by getting us ready for exams.
    • Role allocation and meritocracy
      • Davis & Moore: the main purpose of school was role allocation School (exams) helped put people in the job they are best suited for and was the most helpful for our society.
    • Learning specialist skills for work
    • Creating social cohesion
      • sense of belonging to a wider society
        • We learn the norms + values of society through both the hidden curriculum + formal curriculum (like PSHE)
        • This unites or 'glues' people together and builds social solidarity by giving them shared values
        • Durkheim 'it is a vital task for all societies too weld a mass of individuals into a united whole' 'he argued that school is a society in miniature',preparing kids for life in the wider society and to learn to co-operate with others.
          • education does this and schoolshelp childrenlearn that they are part of something bigger so they develop a sense of commitment to the social group.

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