The Role of Developments in Germany in Increasing Tension Between the East and West

  • Created by: Lizz2002
  • Created on: 04-03-21 06:21
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  • The Role of Developments in Germany in Increasing Tensions
    • Attitudes to Germany
      • the general view over time was that Germans were also a victim of Nazism
      • it was seen as necessary to have cooperation with West Germany after the peaceful development of economic and political life
    • Fear of Communism
      • During the Korean War, the East German leader, Ulbricht, said a similar thing could be done to take back West germany
      • West Germany had no armed forces while the East had a force of 60,000
    • The EDC
      • A European Defence Council was suggested in 1950
        • It was eventually agreed that NATO would create a force in Europe that included German Units
      • This  was controversial:
        • People in the FRG saw it as permanently dividing Germany
          • France worried about future German revenge
    • More independenc for the Federal Republic
      • 1951-52, the USA supported the idea of West Germany being an independent buffer state
        • In 1952, a General treaty removed the High Commission so West Germany could rearm and be independent
    • Soviet Response
      • The USSR initially responded by supporting a neutral unified Germany
        • They then allowed Ulbricht to implement a more doctrine socialist policy which caused the 1953 East Germany Rising
      • The East Germany rising lead to greater support for an independent West Germany
    • Re-armament and its Effects
      • 1955, France finally agreed to a small German army and their entry into NATO
        • However, they were not allowed nuclear weapons and British forces remained as a safeguard
      • Deeped the divide and also contributed to the creation of the Warsaw Pact


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