- The Rising Influence of the Papacy.
- Henry IV
- Henry IV was crowned King of the Holy Roman Empire in 1056, he was six years old at the time.
- Henry IV spent most of his reign fighting the power hungry nobles that threatened his title.
- Arguably his most difficult fight during his reign was against the papacy during the Investiture Contest.
- The Investiture Contest
- Popes challenged European authority when it came to appointing bishops in churches.
- The initial contest was between Pope Gregory and Henry IV and ended in 1122 with it being decided that emperors had limited power when appointing bishops.
- The Divide of Power
- This lead to the Holy Roman Emperor having to fight to keep authority, as seen in the Reign of young king Henry IV.
- The Pope believed that he should have ultimate power over both "spiritual" and "earthly" powers
- There was a divide in power where the Pope had "spiritual" power and the Holy Roman Emperor had "earthly" power.
- The nobles were becoming more power hungry and pushing to gain more authority.
- Church Reform Movement
- Church reformers seized the opportunity presented by a child-king (Henry IV) to take back power of investiture.
- Controversy developed over whether or not the nobility had the right to appoint individuals to church positions.
- The church reform was also know as the Gregorian reform and focused on moral integrity.
- Henry IV
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