Renaissance Period

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  • The Renaissance c1500-c1700
    • Ideas: Scientific approch
      • Changed ideas
        • fewer people believed in supernatural or religious cause of disease
        • scientific approach to diagnosing disease
        • new explanation e.g. seeds in air spread disease
      • Continued ideas
        • miasma
        • Four Humours but by 1700 v few physicians believed in it
      • Church had less influence
        • new religious ideas challenged Catholic Church authority
        • people still v religious but looking for new ideas about cause of disease
        • CC couldn't promote ideas about science
          • new religious ideas challenged Catholic Church authority
      • Physicians + Scientists
        • fewer people believed astrology so stopped using astrology chart to diagnose + decide timings
        • stopped using urine charts- progress in digestion
        • more direct obvs/examina-tions of patient
      • Thomas Sydenham
        • book which outlined his theories in 1676
        • doctor in London 1660/70s
        • didn't rely on medical books to diagnose
          • obzs + record symps- detail
        • disease had nothing to do with nature of person who had it
        • Didn't treat individual symps
        • English Hippocrates
    • Transmission of ideas
      • printing press
        • 1440
        • lots of printing in 1500
        • exact copies of text quickly produced- reduce Church control of deciding which books to publish
        • shared over a wide range more effectively
      • Royal Society
        • aim- further scientific understanding by doing experiment s + recording results
        • share science knowledge, encourage new theories + ideas
        • sponsored scientist to enable research
        • 1665
        • journal where scientists could share ideas
          • doctors + scientists study, build, challenge each other's research
            • theories confirmed or dismissed + news spread quickly

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