The relationship between Britain and the colonies in 1763

  • Created by: lyd_kate
  • Created on: 26-02-18 20:24
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  • The relationship between Britain and the colonies in 1763
    • Economics
      • Britain 7.5m people by 1760
      • 1/2 of Britain connected to farming, but industrial revolution (700,000 in London)
    • Social
      • Hierarchical. Landowners dominated society. Merchants, tradesmen, labours at bottom
      • Nobility dominated church &  army ministerial positions
      • Middle class  economy growth social flexibility but large gaps
    • Politics
      • George III actively involved  in parliament chose supporters
      • Lords & Commons, not democratic - wealthy vote, decided candidates
        • Many owed seats to patrons, voted as govt directed
      • Whiggism = broad based political establishment, Tories little influence. Whig infighting, hard for majorities
    • Weak relations
      • Colonial rapidly growing, autonomy at work not dependence
        • Mixing of cultures in America led to new identity
      • If Britain didn't assert rights, would drift but also ructions if did
      • Economic ties strong in colonies, mercantilism annoying
      • Brits got Canada, nothing to fear from France, less dependence on Britain
    • Strong relations
      • Colonies had autonomy & 25,000 fought for Britain (7YW)
      • Clonies united  monarchy, law & culture - British
      • America= geographical   boundary disputes, post/army all British. No common currency

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