10. The political campaign for women in the USA (1865-1960) - Impact of WW2

  • Created by: Alasdair
  • Created on: 04-06-17 17:24
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  • The political campaign for women in the USA (1865-1960) - Impact of WW2
    • Greater number of women went to work.
      • Previous legislation protecting women from work in factories and workshops fell away
    • Propaganda gave impression of considerable expansion of opportunity and responsibility for women and there was special Women's Advisory Committee to advise utilisation of women for war effort
    • War saw increase of women in Congress and women in public office (not extensive)
    • Saw increase of women in state legislatures
      • From 144 to 228 women
    • Women not involved in wartime decision-making on home front or about aims and methods of war
    • New Deal practice of government agencies being dominated by men in top managerial positions continued.
    • Women were unable to secure type of support for working women in form of childcare and cheap restaurants or canteens that British working women achieved during war
    • Expected to combine domestic responsibilities with most tiring and demanding work
    • Women had to accept unequal pay
    • Despite having an organisation called National Council of ***** Women
      • There was little consultation with AA women and little opportunity for them to join armed forces or take on managerial roles
    • Because of harsh treatment of Japanese community after Pearl Harbour, life for Japanese American women became hard and there was confinement and discrimination
    • Women remained with little real influence in political parties
    • Women remained divided
      • Even in wartime, conservative women's groups did not support greater help for working mothers or equality of opportunity, believing war should not erode traditional family values


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