The Philippines - Hazards Case Study

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  • The Philippines - Multi-Hazard Environment Case Study
    • South-East Asia
    • Volcanoes
      • Destructive plate boundary
        • Philippine plate subjected under Eurasian plate
      • Mt Pinatubo, 1991, 700 died, 200,000 homeless
        • Buildings collapsed, crops destroyed & agricultural land ruined by ash
    • Seismic hazards
      • Luzon Island, 1990, magnitude 7.8 earthquake,  1500 dead
      • Moro Gulf, 1976, magnitude 7.9, thousands killed
    • Tropical storms
      • 10 every year
      • Develop in Pacific Ocean & move westwards
      • Manila, 2006, Typhoon Xangsane, 200 dead, destroyed homes, flooding, landslides, loss of power & water, US $130mil
    • 340 people/km squared
    • Human Qualities & Responses Allow People to Live in the Area
      • Widen rivers = prevent flooding
      • Stockpile food
      • In past funding only after disaster - response = reaction rather than prepare & prevent
      • 2009 onwards policy changed to adaptation, mitigation & management
        • Prevent building in high risk areas
        • Adapt new  & existing buildings to cope w/ earthquakes
        • Build embankments to reduce flood risk
        • Public awareness
        • Monitoringhazards & early warning systems

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