The nature and functions of a constitution

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  • The nature and functions of a constitution
    • Definition
      • A set of principles that establishes distribution of power within a political system.
    • Functions
      • Determine how political power should be distributed within the state.
      • Establish the political processes that make the system work.
      • What the limits of governmental power should be i.e. what is the competence of government.
      • They assert the rights of citizens against the state.
      • Constitutions establish the rules by which nationality is established i.e. who is entitled to be a citizen and how outsiders may become citizens.
      • It is essential that a constitution contains within itself the rules for its amendment.
    • Constitutionalism
      • The concept that a political system is governed by a constitution and that political institutions are bound by constitutional rules which are binding.

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