The Miner's Strike 1984 - 1985

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  • The Miner's Strike 1984 - 1985
    • background
      • the defeat of the Miners was a defeat for trade unionism & the whole Lab party
      • the strike was the longest & most bitter since WWII
      • it became a symbolic clash between Thatcher & the Unions
    • key figures
      • Sir Ian MacGregor - chairman of the state-owned National Coal Board (NCB)
      • Neil Kinnock - leader of the Labour Party
      • Margaret Thatcher - Cons PM 1979-1990
      • Arthur Scargill - President of the NUM
    • why did they strike?
      • in 1984 the NCB announced 20 coal mine closures
      • total job losses would be in excess of 20,000
    • deeper problem
      • Towns were build around mines
      • main source of employment for the town
      • if a mines closes the whole town is affected, every business is affected
    • the strike
      • miners worried about possible closures in the area went on strike
      • on 12 March 1984, Scargill declared the strikes in various coal fields were to be a national strike
        • called strike action from all NUM members in all coal fields
    • Arthur Scargill
      • head of Yorkshire NUM 1974 - 1981
      • President NUM 1981 - 2002
      • Founder, Socialist Labour Party
    • the 'Battle of Orgreave' June 1984
      • miner's strike lasted over a year
      • financially the strike was disastrous for those involved
        • no income for a year
      • March 3, 1985 the NUM voted 98-91 in favour of a return to work
      • Scargill says the campaign against job losses will continue but miners will return to work
      • the battle was the most violent clash between pickets & police
        • pivotal turning point for miners returning to work


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