marxist

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  • Created by: cieran32
  • Created on: 17-05-18 12:30
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  • The Marxist perspective  on Education
    • bowles and gintis
      • social reproduction future generations of workers are prepared to understand and accept roles in a capitalist sociaety
      • Hidden curriculum- teaches values and norms that aren't taught in the classroom directly
      • correspondence principle - schools are structured in ways that prepare pupils for the experience of work in a capitalist society, the school corresponds the work place. arriving on time, dressing appropriately
      • myth of equality of oppurtunity
      • school values
      • criticisms
        • they assume without any direct evidence that pupils accept that there is equality of educational opportunity
        • this approach claims work and the school are similar but Griroux says the education system is less closely tied into the demands of the economy
        • it is very a deterministic  view and not all schools may act in the same way and not all pupils may respond in the ways bowles  and Gintis suggest
        • assumed the schools had the this effect provided no evidence
        • ignores influence of formal curriculum
        • assumes people are passive victims
    • 'cultural capital' and the 'education market' in Britain
      • ball et al's study of how open enrolment can lead to parental choice of schoo affected the equality of opportunity as middle class can use their wealth to give their children an advantage in school parents now;
        • knew how to appeal against school allocation
        • could move house nearer the better schools
        • could pay for private tuition
    • althusser
      • education is a ideological state apparatus which reproduces class inequalities
      • education has replaced religion to an extent as it controls how people think
      • education legitimises  inequalities by creating false consciousness (inability to see how unjust their situation is)

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