Indian Ocean Tsunami

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  • The Indian Ocean Tsunami
    • When, where, why?
      • 26th December 2004
      • Hit Sri Lanka, India, Maldives, Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia
      • Destructive boundary- Burma plate under Indian plate
        • Stresses -> flexing of edges of plates -> 9.0 earthquake 240km north-west of Sumatra
          • 15m vertical displacement of sea bed
    • Impacts
      • Overall: 300,00 killed
      • Indonesia: 80% Aceh province destroyed. 100,000 killed
      • India; 370,000 homeless
        • Densely populated- 135 people per km2.
      • Sri Lanka: 28,000 killed, 1 million homeless
      • Thailand: 1700 tourists from 36 countries killed.
      • Maldives: 20 out of 199 inhabited islands destroyed. 81 deaths.
    • Responses
      • over 160 aid organisations provided relief.
      • Tsunami warning system set up by UN group for Indian ocean
        • Sirens for tourist beaches in Thailand, but warning received by radio for poor rural areas.
      • Large scale reconstruction
        • Thousands still in tents one year on.

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