The impact of the First World War political problems

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  • Created on: 19-06-18 09:36
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  • The impact of the First World War political problems
    • Nicholas, Alexandra and Rasputin
      • August 1915 Russian army retreated from Poland. Tsar becomes commander in chief of the army
      • there were rumours that Alexandra was running the country while her husband was on the front line
      • the tsarina was born in Germany, rumours circulated that she was a German agent
      • there were also rumours that the family were under the influence of Rasputin. He had a reputation of being a drunk womaniser
      • 1916 there were lots of ministers that were fired very quickly. Tsarina and Rasputin were accused of being responsible and picking favourites
      • December 1916 Prince Felix Yusupov worked with aristocrats and politicians assassinated Rasputin
      • The murder of Rasputin failed to change public opinion
    • Zemgor
      • this was an organisation that co-ordinated a voluntary support group
      • they were in control of things such as:
        • production of uniforms, medicine and munition
        • distribution of food
        • aids to refugees
        • Medical care
        • organising military detachments
      • Prince Lvov a member of the Kadets was responsible for its organisation
      • Resources were limited and they only contributed 5% to the war effort
      • the progressive Bloc
        • this was a political alliance of Duma deputies united in the desire for constitutional reform
        • the Russian army was forced into the great retreat of 1915 in part due to a munition crisis
        • There was mounting pressure for the Tsar to recall the Duma in 1915
        • Duma was eventually recalled in 1915
        • the new government was able to manage the war effort effectively
    • the Tsars response
      • he refused to collaborate with the progressive bloc and Zemgor
      • the Tsar dismissed the Duma in 1915 less than a month after opening it
      • Nicholas refused to work with Duma and the Zemgor weakening Russia's ability to organise the war effort
      • the tsar was becoming more and more unpopular as there was no sign of a military breakthrough
      • moderates were critical of the Tsar when the Duma reassembled in 1916
      • The Tsar withdrew from the government, and moved his military headquarters to Stavka


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