The Holderness Coastline

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  • Created by: saraaa.
  • Created on: 20-03-16 22:58
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  • The Holderness Coastline
    • Causes
      • Physical
        • The coast is frequently subjected to powerful destructive waves (created by strong winds blowing over a long fetch) from the North Sea
        • The soft boulder clay cliffs, deposited at the end of the last Ice Age are easily eroded
        • The destructive power of the waves may be increasing due to slow sea level rise
        • The eroded material is transported out to sea or transported by longshore drift. Therefore the beaches are thin and do little to protect the coastlin
      • Human
        • Input of new resistance points along the coast at Hornsea, Withernsea, Mappleton and the Gas Terminals at Easington
        • The removal of sediment offshore. In 2000 3, 811, 044 tonnes was dredged legally offshore but it is thought more has been removed illegally
    • Impacts
      • Social & Economic
        • Industry at Easington is being threatened as the gas terminal is too close to the sea. It supplies a large amount of North Sea oil.
        • Farms alongside the sea are devaluing and losing profits year on year as land falls into the sea
          • SUE EARL
        • Withernsea has to spend millions of pounds each year to protect its population.
        • Properties along the coast lose their value, leaving owners in negative equity
        • Many of the settlements rely heavily on tourism and if they are undefended their trade would diminish as facilities close down.
        • There would be little or no new investment to sustain local communities
        • The loss of jobs and few jobs means that young people move away from the settlements along the coast.
      • Environmental
        • By protecting certain areas along the coast it has made erosion worse in other places.
        • Essential services (coastguard and lifeguard) will soon have to be moved as due to defences Spurn point is not receiving enough material.
        • Wildlife behind Spurn Point is losing diversity as the environment cannot support many species due to the lack of sediment
        • The headland at Flamborough has formed into classic examples of stacks, arches, stumps and caves.


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