Ethics Revision Mock A2

  • Created by: Birdy234
  • Created on: 31-12-17 09:28
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  • Ethics Mock Revision
    • Utilitarianism
      • Jeremy Bentham
        • Motivation of Humans
          • Avoid Pain
          • Pursue Pleasure
        • The Hedonic Calculus
          • Duration
          • Repetition
          • Intensity
          • Number of People Affected
          • Remoteness
          • Certainty
        • The Principle of Utility
          • "The rightness or wrongness of an action determined by its utility (usefulness)"
          • Utility is the amount of pleasure or pain produced
        • Act Utilitarianism
          • Whenever possibly utilitarianism must be applied. But to each individual situation
      • John Stuart Mill
        • Higher Pleasures
          • Pleasures of the mind
        • Lower Pleasures
          • Pleasures of the Body
        • Rule Utilitarianism
          • A set of rules used strictly in every situation
      • Preference Utilitarianism
        • Utilitarianism applied to a situation keeping in mind the preferences of the people involved.
    • Situation Ethics
      • 4 Working Principles
        • Pragmatism
          • The decision must work towards love
        • Personalism
          • Puts people ahead of decision making
        • Positivism
          • First place to love
        • Relativism
          • Each situation treated independantly
      • 6 Fundamental principles
        • Only true good is love
        • Love and justice are the same
        • The ruling norm of decision making is love
        • Love is an attitude not a feeling
        • Only the end justifies the means
        • Love's decisions are made situationally
    • Kantian Ethics
      • The Hypothetical Imperative
        • "I want this to happen; so i must do this. If i do this; then this will happen"
      • The categorical imperative
        • The Kingdom of Ends
          • A society where everyone is entitled to be treated as an ends and not a means.
          • Everyone should act as though everyone else has the same human rights as them
        • Humans as Ends
          • A moral code treating humans with respect and not a means to an end.
        • Universalism
          • For it to be morally valid the person must believe that in the same situation everyone else would do the same
      • Good Will
        • Good will is the only pure motivation for any moral action
      • Duty for Duty's sake
        • The only acceptable reason for wanting to put good will into action is a sense of duty


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