The growth of religious non-conformity; Puritanism under Charles I

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  • Created on: 15-04-20 21:29
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  • The growth of religious non-conformity: Puritanism under Charles I
    • Puritans
      • Members of the CoE who opposed Elizabeths middleway.
        • Remained within the church because they supported Anglican doctrines which reflected the views of John Calvin.
          • However, they were strongly opposed to Anglican services.
            • Believed they were too close to Catholic worship.
            • Wanted further reforms that would implement a more 'purified' and Protestant form of worship.
    • Puritain Opposition to Laud
      • Puritains opposed many of Laud's policies which promoted the Arminian beliefs on the 'beauty of holiness'.
        • They suspected that Laud and Charles were determined to restore Catholicism as England's official religion.
      • Puritain opposition was strong in London and other provinces (eg. East Anglia), although it was not often expressed openly.
        • Many Puritains were politically conservative, and the gentry knew they could lose lots if they opposed the King.
      • The imposition of Arminianism aso limited the opportunity for Puritain opposition:
        • Puritan books and pamphlets were censored, and texts brought from abroad were seized and destroyed.
        • Although predestination was a part of Anglican doctrine, preaching on predestination was banned.
        • Puritan preachers were no longer financed by town councils or by individuals.
      • Open opposition to Laudianism from the Puritains was rare.
        • It was only the most committed Puritains who were prepared to openly oppose Laudianism.
          • Examples
            • 1633, the Puritains of the parish of St Gregory's in London unsuccesfully tried to use the courts to oppose Charles' policy of railing off the alter.
            • 1638, the Puritan John Lilburne was whipped through the streets of London for distributing anti-Laudian pamphlets.
        • Many reluctantly accepted the reforms of the 1630s and waited for better times, while other chose emigration.
    • Emigration
      • Estimated that 80,000 Puritans emigrated from England during the 1630's.
        • Many settled in Ireland, the West Indies and the Dutch Republic, with about 20,000 settled in the American colony Massachusetts.
        • Whole families emigrated together in search of religious freedom that Laud's policies denied them.
      • With the breakdown of Charles' authority after the religion-inspired rebellion of PresbyteriansScots in 1637, some Puritains began to reuturn from overseas.
        • When Charles recalled Parliament in 1640, opposition to him amoung MP's was led by Puritains (eg. John Pym).

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