The growth of NRMs

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  • Created by: 09fareli
  • Created on: 03-06-16 16:34
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  • The growth of NRMs
    • NRMs provide certainty in times of uncertainty.
      • Marginality
        • Inequality, immigration and racism may marginalise some groups. Some NRMs may help marginalised people make sense of their situation, and may promise a better life after death as compensation. Weber called this the 'theodicy of disprivilege'.
      • Relative deprivation
        • Some middle class people might see them selves as deprived in comparison to their peers.
      • Social change
        • Transformation of society can result in anomie and uncertainty. The breakdown of community, the process of secularization, cultural diversity and bad news such as terrorist attacks may generate uncertainty.
      • Modernity and post-modernity
        • The increasing amount of disillusionment may create uncertainty and a crisis of identity.
    • Wallis explains the appeal of three different kinds of NRM.
      • World rejecting movements
        • Grew in numbers in the 1960s. There was a lot of freedom for people but also uncertainty. It was a period with lots of alternative world views. Some people wanted more concrete beliefs.
      • World affirming movements
        • Develop as a means of coping with a crisis of identity in more successful groups (e.g. middle class). They try to unlock human potential and help people save their problems.
      • World accommodating movements
        • Appeal to those who are dissatisfied with existing religion.

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