The German Revolution

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  • The German Revolution
    • The Weimar Constitution
      • Written by Hugo Preuss, adopted on 31st July 1919.
      • The head of state was to be the president elected every 7 years. he appointed chancellor who washed of government.
      • Article 48 meant president could in emergencies rule by decree and side-linethe reichstag
        • This allowed the president to become a dictator in Germany
      • There were to be elections every four years using a system of PR. When seats are given in accordance of votes cast
        • PR encouraged lots of small parties so no one party ever had enough seats to form a majority government. This made it hard to reach decisions and meant there could not be one strong government
    • The Treaty of Versailles
      • Territory
        • Germany lost all her overseas colonies and Alscae Lorraine was given to France
        • The Rhineland was made into a demilitarised zone. No German soldier or weapon was allowed in this zone.
        • They were forbidden to unite with Austria
        • The Saar coalfields waste be given to France for 15 years- had  major economic consequences
      • Military
        • Germany's army was reduced to 100,000 men and the army wasn't allowed tanks or an airforce.
        • Germany was only allowed 6 capital naval ships and no submarines.
        • The allies were to keep an army of occupation on th ewes bank of the Rhien for 15 years
      • Economic
        • Germany was responsible for all war damage: therefore she had to pay reparations. Amount eventually set at 6.6 million pounds.
      • Guilt
        • Germany had to admit full responsibility for the war. This was the "War guilt clause"
      • Reactions
        • Germans were angered about the size of the tiny army. At first they refused and then the sailors sank the flee,rather than hand it over.
        • Were angry that they could not unite with the austrian Germans.
        • Felt it was a Diktat

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