The German Revolution

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  • The German Revolution
    • What was it?
      • The social unrest across Germany, the emperor fleeing and a new government taking over
    • What caused it?
      • Failure in the first world war
        • Germany made a last desperate attack upon Paris. But in July the allies drove the germans back
          • May 1918
        • 2 million German troops died in 4 years
        • Morale (confidence) was low
        • Caused sense of hopelessness
      • Hardship the war had caused
        • Allies blockading German coast
          • Prevented basic supplies
        • Influenza infection (August)
    • Events
      • German sailors at the naval base of Wilhelmshav-en refused to follow orders to set sail
        • Oct 29th
        • 40,000 sailors set up a workers' and soldiers' council and took over the dockyard
          • Nov 4th
          • Revolts in Hamburg, Bremen and Lübeck
          • In Hanover, soldiers refused to control rioters
      • Bavaria- thousands of workers marched on the state capital of Munich, led by Kurt Eisner
        • King Ludwig III fled the country
        • Nov 7th
      • Eisner  set up a workers and peasants'  council then declared Bavaria a people's state
        • Nov 8th
      • Kaiser Wilhelm fled to holland
        • Nov 10th
    • The effects
      • The new government was able to agree an armistice. Germany had to:
        • withdraw from all land won in War
        • Pull troops back 30 miles inside its border with France
        • surrender its munitions
        • Put it's navy under allied control
      • Ebert's government (social democrat party) gained control
        • New rules for governing the country were agreed
          • Mid 1919
            • German state known as The Weimar Republic
    • 1918


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