The Forster (1870) and Butler (1944) Act

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  • The Forster Act (1870)
    • The Butler Act (1944)
      • The Conservative Government opened up Secondary Education to the masses
      • Tripartite System
        • The idea was to produce a 'Parity of Esteem' between the social classes
        • First the child must sit an 11+ exam and then they are sent to either a: secondary modern school, technical school or grammar school
      • However this system only reinforced the social class divide
      • The 11+ didn't necessarily measure intelligence, it was culturally biased and suited the middle class
      • Those who failed 11+ were labelled as failures so they gave up on education
    • Prior to this there was no organised system of education
      • Some children attended schools run by charities or churches and there was a fee to those rich enough to attend
    • Established a system of 'school boards' t build and manage schools in areas where they were needed
    • Elementary schooling for 5-10 year olds (raised to 13 in 1880)
    • Parents had a choice of three schools: Free Elementary School, Grammar School and Public School
    • Although this tried to reduce inequalities this only catered for children up to 13. Once pupils left school only the middle class who could progress further in education

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