The extent and impact of Russia's reform

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  • The extent and impact of Russia's reform
    • The Govt.
      • Inspired enterprises growth of railways, cities (albeit limited)
      • Tsar more highly viewed by peasants as he is seen to give up some autocracy
      • Tsar protected social structure with redemption payments
      • Industrial development failed to keep pace with workers going to towns for work
      • Blamed by nobility, who had to sell land in the 13 stages
      • Uprisings continued
    • Nobility
      • Often set price of land 90% above market value,  compensation from Govt too!
      • Disputes broke out over land holding & redemption payments. 647 riots
    • Peasantry
      • Those who did well in land allocation could afford to buy more land and partake in enterprise (kulaks)
      • Redemptions paid could leave mirs with internal passport
        • Land regularly redistributed according to mir's needs - disruption
      • Resented payments, thought land was their own
      • 9 acres not enough to efficiently farm, household serfs didn't have land
      • Land overvalued by nobles, had to sell land to kulaks if redemption payments too much
      • Took 49 years to pay redemptions, could be passed on to children
    • 21m private landlords' serfs' emancipation over 20 years, not 2 as planned.
    • 15% still temporarily obligated by 1881, redemption then made compulsory

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