Experience of Germans under Nazis

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  • The Experiences of Germans under The Nazis
    • How did Hitler decrease un employment?
      • National Labour Service -RAD
        • All men between 18-25 had to spend 6 months in the RAD
          • They had uniforms, lived in a camp and got free meals
            • They planted forests, mended hedges and dug drainage ditches on farms
        • They were payed little amounts but un-employment figures loweres
      • Public Work Schemes
        • In June 1933, the Nazis ordered creation of new motorways
          • This made work for nearly 10,000 people and by 1938 3800km of road had been made
            • Hospitals and schools were also built
      • Rearmement
        • Thousands of jobs were made and factory/ business owners became very rich
          • Hitler ordered the building of tanks, battle ships and fighter planes
      • 'Invisible in- employment'
        • Those working half-time were cunted as fiull time
          • Women who were raisng a family weren't counted in in- employment figures
            • Newly employed Jews weren't counted in the figures
    • Self Sufficiency
      • The idea of having a closed economy
        • Germans would try to stop trading with the outside world and rely on its own resources
          • Herman Goering introduced the 4 year plan which was preparing Germany for war
            • It consisted of setting high production targets in  some of which were met, steel and explosives and some that weren't, oil
              • It produced many jobs in steel factories, textile mills and ship building yards
    • Where Ordinary  Germans Better off for it?
      • Yes
        • More schools, hospitals and roads were built
          • Trade unions were replaced by the DAF who promised to protect workers
            • Strength through Joy scheme organised leisure activities
              • Beautty of Labour scheme improved lighting, safety equipment, canteen prices and sports facilities
                • Hitler designed a 'people's car' that was more affordable
      • No
        • When Trade Unions were banned, workers lost their rights
          • Workers couldn't quit jobs without permission from the government
            • Most holidays were too expensive for most normal German workers
              • Food prices increased as they tried to become self- sufficient
                • People were forced to work the hours that Nazis required them to
    • Impacts of the War on German People
      • Rationing
        • Supplies were needed fro the soldiers so sacrifices were made at home
          • By November 1939 there were food and clothing shortages
            • People were limited to one egg per week and there were rations for toilet paper and soap
              • The sick and pregnant women were given extra rations
                • Rationing in German was more severe than in Britain
      • Bombing
        • From 1942, the US and Britain began to drop bombs on German cities
          • Many panicked and took refuge in their homes so there was no electricity, water or transport
            • There were thousands of deaths and injuries putting strain on the emergency services
              • Bombing caused flooding. gas explosions and constant fear around UXB's
                • Nazi support began to weaken
                  • Britains aim was to cripple German industry and lower the civillians morale
      • Economy
        • In 1942, everything was concentrated on making weapons and growing food for soldiers
          • Anything not contributing to the war was stopped such as beer halls and sweet shops
            • Factories were forced to stay open for longer and women were draughted in to work
              • By 1944, 7 million foreign workers had been brought in from countries conquered by Germany to work as slave labour in factories
    • German Youth
      • Hitler saw the young as important as could be made truly Nazi
      • School Life
        • The youth were indoctrinated to idolise Hitler
          • In History they were only taught about Germany
            • In Science they learnt about weapon making
              • Both girls and biys both did a lot of PE as Hitler wanted them to be strong and fit
                • In Race studied they learned about Jews being the inferior race and about the Aryan race
      • Hitler Youth
        • Set up in 1922 to talk about Nazi beliefs and views
          • Boys learned military skills
            • Boys wore military styled uniform and took part in physical exercise. Those with potential were sent to Hitler schools to be trained as Nazi leaders
      • German Girls/ The League of German Maidens
        • Aimed at girls between the age of 14-18
          • They were trained in domestic skills like sewing and cooking
            • The girls were also given new oppurtunites such as hiking and camping
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    • The Church
      • In the1930's the majority of Germans were Christian
      • Many Nazi views were completely different to those that Christians hold
        • Christian Views
          • All races are equal and God loves everyone
            • Believe in peace and not fighting wars
              • Helping the weak and vulnerable
                • Teachings of God and Jesus Christ
        • Nazi Views
      • Catholics
        • In 1933 Hitler cooperated with catholic leaders
        • Hitler and the Pope signed a concordat together which meant they wouldn't interfere with each other
        • However, Hitler broke this as thought more listened to the pope
        • The Nazis harassed and arrested Catholic priests and closed catholic schools and clubs
        • In 1937 the Pope said that the Nazis were hostile to Christ and his Church
        • Archbishop Galen criticised the Nazis and was put under house arrest
      • Protestants
        • Some admired Hitler for his views and values
        • They were known as German Christians and Hudwig Muller became the first Reich Bishop
        • They wore Nazi uniforms with the slogan 'the swastika on our chests and the cross on our hearts
        • Some protestants hated all of this as saw that the core beliefs were completely different
        • A new group called the confessional church was formed and openly criticised Nazism
        • 800 pastors were therefore arrested
        • Thir leaThe leader Niemoller was put in a concentration camp and it was banned in Germany
    • The Final Solution
      • Why did Hitler dislike the Jews?
        • Some say he was jealous of the richer Jewish population in Vienna where he lived as a struggling artist
          • He blamed them for their defeat in the war as they hadn't done enough to help win
            • He believed that they had started the revolution in Germany leading to the Kaiser abdicating
      • Restrictions put on the Jewish
        • Jewish children couldn't go to school, play with non-Jews and couldn't go to swimming pools or sports clubs
          • All Jewish teahers, doctors, judges and lawyers were sacked and soliders told people to not go in Jewish shops
            • The Nuremberg Laws were introduced so Jews couldn't marry non-Jews and they couldn't vote
              • Jews weren't allowed any electrical equipment including cameras or type writers
      • The final solution was the start  of concentration camps . It was discussed in the Wansee conference where they discussed the extermination of the Jews. Before the war, the Nazis used bullying tactics but now it the idea of killing the Jews.

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