The existence of God

  • Created by: Sagaana
  • Created on: 08-05-18 18:16
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  • The design Argument
    • The existence of God and Revelation
      • The First Cause Argument
        • Thomas Aquinas
          • He argued that everything must have a Cause and northing can come by itself so God must have been the cause for the universe. God will be the uncaused because he is eternal.
            • Weakness: There must be a cause for God
            • Weakness:If God is eternal this could mean that the Universes is also eternal it doesn't have to be caused
            • Weakness:Big Bang was Random and didn't have a cause
      • Miracles
        • It is something that seems to break the laws of nature
        • Theist beliefs
          • No scientific reason so it must be God because he is powerful to do anything
          • God is the only thing that exists out of nature
          • Must be a result of God intervening so God must exsist
        • Atheist Beliefs
          • They are just a happy coincidence
          • There may be a scientific explanation but it hasn't been discovered
          • Healing could be a result of Mind over matter
          • Made up for fame and money
          • They have nothing to do with God
        • Christian response
          • they see miracles and evidence of God existing
          • Jesus did many miracles
          • Lourdes is a place where a lot of miracles happen
        • Muslims response
          • belief in miracle is not a strong argument it is not as important
          • The revelation of Quran being revealed was a big miracles
        • David Humes
          • he denies the law of nature so that there can never be enough evidence to prove miracles are right.
          • Witness can be unreliable as most of them are uneducated
          • All religions depend on miracles but all religions are not true
          • There must be a scientific explanation that we still haven't discovered yet
      • Arguments against God's exsistence
        • Some would say that God was made to answer question that people did not know the answer to.
        • Science is able to answer a lot more questions  than before
        • Some would say that the creation story and bog bang does conflict they have similarity plus God gave us the intelligence to learn more about God. So it cannot disprove God
        • Evil suffering exist so God doesn't exist
          • Adam was given the free will. if God always intervened then we would have less freedom
          • If there was no  Good and bad then people will not be able to show their human qualities
          • Suffering means that people can make mistakes and learn from them
          • Shaytan was given the job of testing peoples faith
          • God allows evil but he doesn't will .He has reason for allowing it that humans cannot know
      • Special Revelation
        • It is a person experiencing God directly.Often has a profound impact on the person
        • Mary receiving revelation from Gabriel that she will the mother of jesus
        • They are special and very rare
        • The Quran was a revelation to Muhammad
        • There are no special revelation the Quran was divine revelation
        • Muslims can feel closer to God experience dreams visions or miracles
        • God will sometime send angles are a spiritual experience
        • Vision
          • They show something about the nature of God
          • Ii holds great meaning for the person receiving it
          • If they are against the bible then it should be rejected
          • E.g SAUL TO PAUL
          • Atheist would say that they are caused be sleep deprivation or drug use
      • General Revelation
        • Gods presence in Nature
          • God is revealed in the beauty of God. May lead to awe and wonder
            • Argue that by observing nature you can get more scientific truth
        • The lives of religious leaders close to God
        • conscience or morality
        • Worship and reading Scriptures
          • Contains the actual words of God
          • Hope that they get a better understanding Of God
          • Can feel God's presences while reading.
          • The power of Words is so Strong
            • It is only the authors opinion revels nothing about God
      • Different Ideas about the divine
        • Omnipotent
        • Omniscient
        • Benevolent
        • Personal
        • Impersonal
        • Immanent
        • Transcendent
      • The Value of Revelation and enlightment
        • Revelation
          • provides proof for God's existences
          • Help start a religion
          • Enable people to have relationship with Divine
          • Helps them understand how God wants them to live
        • Other Arguments for experience
          • Drugs and alcohol
          • Wishful thinking
          • Genuinr error
          • Physical or mental illness
          • Deliberate lying for fame
    • William Paley
      • Argued that the working of a watch are so intricate that they must have been a designer for it an that it cannot be accidental. The same can be applied for the world and humans. we are so complex so the designer must be God.
        • Weakness: Natural selection is by chance so God will no t be the designer for that.
        • Weakness:the amount of suffering in the world proves that there is no designer

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