the endocrine system

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  • The endocrine system
    • hormones
      • adrenaline & noradrenaline: in fight/flight
      • thyroxine: regulates metabolism
      • cortisol: stimulates release of glucose for energy while suppressing immune system
      • melatonin: responsible for bio rhythms i.e. sleep/wake
      • oestrogen: regulation of female reproductive system i.e. menstrual cycle
      • oxytocin: uterus contractions in childbirth
      • testosterone: development of male sex characteristics/ promotes muscle growth
      • ACTH: stimulates adrenal cortex & release of cortisol in stress response
    • glands
      • placenta
      • testes - testosterone
      • adrenal glands - medulla (adrenaline/ noradrenaline); cortex (cortisol)
      • ovaries - oestrogen
      • pancreas
      • thymus
      • thyroid glands - thyroxine
      • pineal gland - melatonin
      • pituitary gland (master gland) - ACTH & oxytocin
      • hypothalamus - stimulates & controls release of hormones from pituitary gland (regulates endocrine system)

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