The Emergence of the DDR - Germany

  • Created by: RConwa_y
  • Created on: 22-05-18 10:00
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  • The Emergence of the DDR
    • The division of Germany and the East German Constitution
      • In 1948, Western representatives met in the Parliamentary Council and devised a constitution for a federal republic (FRG)
      • The German Democratic Party was formed from the Soviet zone in October 1949, with a new constitution
      • The DDR constitution declared the state temporary
      • The parliament (Volksammer) claimed to represent the people. It was not democratically elected and the number of seats each party held was decide before the election
      • The upper house (Landerkammer) represented the five regions (banned in 1958)
      • The president was Wilhelm Pieck
      • The Prime Minister was Otto Grotewohl
      • Power remained with the Communist Party's general secretary (Ulbricht), the Politburo, central committee and local party units
      • A state within a state was estabilished with the State Security Service (Stasi) in 1950, which aided the regular police
      • Lander were abolished in 1952. They were replaced with smaller units (Bexirke) which were easier for the party to control
    • The 1953 rising
      • Events
        • 16 June - workers on the Stalinallee, a prestige building project, demanded an end to increased working hours for no more pay
        • A general strike was called, which became political as workers demanded the removal of Ulbricht and reunification with the West
        • Ulbricht called in Soviet trrops because he couldn't trust German troops. They dispersed the strikers, but unrest continued
      • The causes
        • The death of Stalin and the apparent promise of greater freedoms (the "New Course") in the Soviet Union encouraged unrest
        • Ulbricht had been summoned to Moscow and told his policies were causing disquiet because of:
          • The tightening of border controls
          • Enforced collectivisation of agriculture
          • Government demands for increased productivity from workers without pay rises
          • Ulbricht's policy of "Building of Socialism" which was announced in 1952 and increased the role of stat
          • The failure of the government to persuade the people that they needed change
      • Consequences
        • The increased working hours was ended and more consumer goods would be produced
        • The SED (Communists) became worried about potential unrest. They adopted a harder line and increased the size and power of the Stasi
        • Ulbricht's power was strengthened
        • It became apparent that the West would not intervene or help


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