Stolypins repression 1906-1914

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  • Stolypin's repression 1906 - 1914
    • Stolypin's repression
      • August 1906 and 1911 Stolypin declared a state of emergency and suspended the Fundamental laws allowing the government to use terror against the people
        • Officials were given the right to imprison people without putting them on trial
        • Lawyers and appeals were banned from Military courts.
          • Military courts had the right to exile or execute rebels, appeals not permitted
      • 1906-1910 Stolypin's courts found 37,620 people guilty of political crimes
        • 8,640 were sent tolabout camps
        • 1858 were resettled to Russia's deserts or Siberia (frozen wasteland)
        • many died as a result of 'resttlemtn' as the people were unable to survive in the areas they were moved to
      • Stolypin's name became associated with the brutal policies
      • The trains that carried people to exile became known as 'Stolypin's wagons'
      • The hangman's noose used was named 'Stolypin's necktie'
    • Background information
      • 1906-1911 Stolypin acted as the Tsars head of government
      • Stolypin attempted to restore order through a policy of repression
    • Actions of the revolutionary parties
      • 1906-1907
        • Repression of revolutionaries was widespread and brutal
        • despite repression the revolutionaries campagined for assassinations of leading government officlas
        • Despite repression revolutionary leaders fled Russia,
          • Lenin was one of those who fled the country
      • 1907 - 1914
        • Head of the police Maksimilian Trusevich established 8 regional security bureaus to target revolutionary parties
          • The oversaw the dissolution of the 2nd Duma
          • Arrested and persecuted those revolutionaries in the 2nd Duma
        • Trusevich tried to limit the amount of executions and disrupt revolutionary parties
        • By 1913 there were 94 agents working within revolutionary groups in St Peterburg
    • Police failings
      • broadly effective at disrupting revolutionary parties
      • failed to stop revolutionary newspapers
      • freedom of speech as a result of fundamental laws
      • Mensheviks set up the Luch newspaper
      • Bolsheviks set up Pravda newspaper
        • Tried to close it 8 times between 1912 and 1914
        • always re-emerged after being shut down

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