The Deliverer

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  • The Deliverer
    • Beginning
      • Stanza 3
        • "One of them was dug up by a dog"
          • "dug up by a dog"
            • 'dog'- The dog has potential to harm the baby, evokes sympathy
            • "dug...dog"- Alliterative/fricative- strong emotion/as if the speaker is saying it through gritted teeth
        • "the head"- dehumanises the baby, encourages the reader to see how some people view these children
          • "bone or wood, something to chew"- Further dehumanises the baby, suggests their value
      • Stanza 2
        • "naked in the streets"- Lexis of vulnerability
        • "Covered in garbage,stuffed in bags"
          • "garbage...stuffed...bags"- Fricative, Strong emotion, suggests the speaker is angry about how the children are treated
          • Specific situations- evokes sympathy
        • 'covered', 'stuffed', 'abandoned'- Semantic field of hiding things
      • Stanza 4
        • "This is the one my mother will bring."
          • "my mother"- Shifts the speaker from being distant to having a connection to the events
          • Singular line- Creates impact, allows the reader to reflect on what the speaker has said
      • Stanza 1
        • "Our Lady of the Light Convent, Kerala"
          • "Convent"- Religious lexis, a place of safety
          • Give the poem a subtitle, creates a sense of place
          • "Kerala"- Non-British connotations , foreign
        • "they were crippled or dark or girls"
          • "or...or"- create pauses and emphasises the nouns
        • "collect children"- Alliteration, Almost oxymoronic
      • Title
        • "The Deliverer"
          • Not specific, implies it is a universal role
          • "The"- Implies that the role is important/notable
          • "Deliverer"
            • Of Children into the world
            • Of Children to new homes
            • Of Children to Death?
            • Biblical connotations- 'Deliver us from evil'
    • Middle
      • Stanza 7
        • "But they are crying./"We couldn't stop crying"
          • Switches speaker, narrator to mother, the speaker is trying to compare her own experiences with universal experiences- Emotive
          • "crying"- Repetition, emphasises and juxtaposes the unemotional attachment of the previous mother
            • Emphasises two different cultures through their responses
      • Stanza 6
        • "Don't know-"- Frank/unemotional tone
        • "her fetish for plucking hair off hands."
          • "fetish"- Sexual/Un-childlike connotations, the child seems disturbed
          • Specific, implies she already has a personality
        • "Or how her mother tried to bury her"- Oxymoronic/Juxtaposing  lexis of someone who brings life into the world vs someone  who takes it away
      • Stanza 8
      • Stanza 5
        • '*'- Represents a shift in views
        • "The parents wait at the gates."
          • 'wait'-Shifts to present tense
          • 'The'- Once again encourages the reader to view the events from a universal perspective
        • "They are American so they know about ceremony, tradition, about doing things right"
          • Preconceived/Simplistic stereotypes of the Western World- Shifts to a child's perspective?
          • "ceremony", "tradition"- Sarcastic tone, since America is very modern/capatilist
    • End
      • Stanza 10
        • "squeeze", "slither"- Only real adjectives, negative, to describe the kind of experience childbirth is to these women
      • Stanza 11
        • "Feel for penis or no penis"
          • "Feel"- The women are emotionally disconnected
          • "penis or no penis"- Girls have no value/defined by their genitalia
        • "Toss the baby to the heap of others"
          • "Toss"
            • The poem is active rather than figurative (verbs), shows the lack of emotional attachment and the how the women try to survive
            • "Toss"- Harsh/Strong/Direct- conveys strong emotion
          • "heap of others"- dehumanises the babies
      • Stanza 9
        • "some desolate hut"- emotive tone, isolated, an un-special experience
      • Stanza 12
        • "Trudge home to lie for their men again"
          • "Trudge"- Reluctant, have given in to the ideologies of their culture
          • Single line- Creates impact, epitomises the speaker's argument
          • "lie for their men again"
            • Men are the problem?
              • Single line- Creates impact, epitomises the speaker's argument
    • Basic Features
      • Not Written in substantial stanzas- Rather tercets, couplets or singular lines
        • Singular lines- Stand out and places emphasis on certain ideas within the poem
        • Lines- No consistent structure, creates pauses, represents the ambiguity of the children's lives
      • No figurative/Descriptive language- makes the tone flat/suggests the speaker is trying be factual and raise awareness

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