The concepts of natural and moral evil

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  • Created by: Juliet06
  • Created on: 16-11-16 19:42
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  • The concepts of natural and moral evil
    • Moral evil
      • Results from human actions that are reproachable
        • The Holocaust, which resulted in a combination of cruelty and mistaken ideas, is a classic example
    • Inconsistent triad
      • God is omnipotent, God is omnibenevolent and evil exists
    • Consequences of suffering
      • Effects are long lasting (war, for example)
      • Physical pain
      • Suffering is often unjust
      • Depression
      • Suffering is indiscriminate
      • Mental anguish
      • Those who have done nothing wrong, including innocent babies, are often the victim
    • Evidential problem of evil
      • Rowe moral evil- an innocent child is a victim of violence and thereby suffers
      • Seeks to lower the probablilty of the there being a God. But doesn't say outright that God doesn't exist- just unlikely.
      • Rowe natural evil- fawn dies trapped in forest fire caused by lightning
    • Natural evil
      • Results from the malfunctioning of the natural world, which produces entities such as disease and famine
        • The Lisbon earthquake of 1755 is a famous example
    • Logical problem of evil
      • Inconsistent triad- originates from Epicurus
      • In the form modus tulles- to show the contradiction
      • Defenders of theism argue that God could co-exist with evil in order to achieve a greater good
  • God is omnipotent, God is omnibenevolent and evil exists

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