institutional developments: the church

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  • the church
    • henry vii
      • crowned and given divine authority by Archbishop of Canterbury
      • looked to bishops for advice and appointed archbishop as Lord Chancellor
      • devoted to Church
    • henry viii
      • used clerics until 1529
        • high profile of church in central administration at this time
      • broke from Rome but relations still strong
      • church owed office and loyalty solely to crown
    • edward vi, mary i, elizabeth i
      • political office roles held by non-clergy
      • elizabeth i middle way policy
        • Pilgrimage of Grace, Kett's and Wyatt's rebellions
      • role as law enforces over until 1630s
    • church and the doctrine of obedience
      • archbishop wrote homilies (lessons for sermons) after edward vi's rule questioned
        • couldn't stop revolts but important role in reiterating need to obey law
      • 1517 reformation
      • strong church-crown alliance
        • support shown by doctrine of obedience instructed to preach
    • role of the local clergy
      • vital role in parish level politics
      • informed bishops of trouble and instructed ppl on moral and legal obligations
      • no longer had majority in House of Lords after 1540
    • consistently supported the crown and helped maintain stability


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