The challenges of an Urban world

View mindmap
  • The Challenges of an Urban World
    • Megacities
      • Developed world
        • Paris
        • New York
        • Istanbul
        • Moscow
        • Los Angeles
      • Developing world
        • Sao Paulo
        • Cairo
        • Dhaka
        • Beijing
        • Karachi
        • Mexico city
        • Dehli
        • Rio De Janeiro
        • Lagos
        • Mumbai
        • Shenzhen
        • Shanghai
      • Megacities in developed world:
        • may have government buildings
        • headquarters of TNCs, stock exchanges
        • financial firms and other service industries dominate
        • cultural institutions e.g. opera and ballet
        • large tourist industry
        • efficient transport systems e.g. metro
        • less heavy industry and manufacturing
      • Megacities in developing world
        • dominated by manufacturing industries
        • some service industries
        • fewer TNC headqaurters
        • fewer cultural institutions
        • very little tourism
        • cover vast area
        • informal housing
        • poor transport systems
    • York's eco-footpring
      • 1) food - most is imported from abroad or brought from other parts of UK which uses a lot of energy in transport and packaging
      • 2) energy - for heating, cooking, washing, etc., the demand for energy rises as more people live in the city
      • 3) transport - car ownership is more popular than public transport
      • 4) waste - expensive and difficult to dispose of
    • explain ways in which a developed world city can reduce its eco-footprint (6)
      • York has managed to reduce its eco-footprint in several ways
        • local council advises people on how to reduce their energy use, for example by turning off electrical equipment when it is not being used or turn down the heating
          • advises people on how to reduce their water use, for example by fixing dripping taps or having a shower instead of a bath
            • York has also introduced many schemes to make transport more sustainable, such as a park and ride scheme and a pedestrian zone, which encourages people to leave their cars out of the city and use public transport
      • offers a good recycling service for households so less waste is produced
        • 70% of the methane generated from landfill sites is used to make electricity
    • Curitiba, Brazil - a sustainable city
      • in 2010 city was awarded with the Globe Sustainable City Award which as set up to recognise cities and urban areas which excel in sustainable urban development
      • children can exchange recyclable garbage for school supplies, food and chocolate. 70% of the city's garbage is recycled
      • city has preserved its green spaces with 28 parks and wooded area. builders get tax refunds if their projects include green space and new lakes now absorb flood waters which were a problem in the past
      • bus transport system is used by 85% of the population. system is fast, cheap and efficient and transports 2.6 million people each day. the buses use alternative fuels such as natural gas which creates less pollution
      • people living in low income area bring their rubbish to collection centres and swap the for bus tickets and food. this means there is less litter and disease
      • retired buses are used as mobile schools or offices
    • NGOs
      • Non-governmentalorganisationstry to improve the quality of life for people in cities
      • urban green  programme helped to create 300 home gardens in Sri Lanka which helps local people feed themselves as well as adding green spaces to urban areas
      • centre for urban and regional excellence has provided a simple waste water and sewage plant which means this doesn't pollute drinking supplies in Kachpura, iNDIA

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Urban environments resources »