The bottom-up approach to offender profiling

  • Created by: Georgia
  • Created on: 10-06-19 14:38
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  • The bottom-up approach (UK)
    • Investigative psychology
      • Interpersonal coherence; consistent behaviour in real life and crime scene
      • Time and place; gives details of daily life of offender (where crime fits in schedule)
      • Criminal characteristics categorising criminals
      • Criminal career; escalation
      • Forensic awareness; whether evidence is available
    • Geographical profiling
      • Locatedness; all locations involved in crime can trace back to offender
      • Systematic crime location choice; familiar locations to offender
      • Centrality; commuters (travel for crimes), marauders (stay near home)
      • Comparative case analysis; other crimes being considered as committed by offender
    • Case study (John Duffy)
      • 12/17 suggested characteristic were correct
        • Provided basis for arrest
      • Geographical evidence was largely invaluable
    • Evaluation
      • Requires stats from other crimes that are difficult to acquire
      • Usable with many types of crime
      • Reductionist as only considers geography
        • Could miss vital info
      • Based on stats and research so more scientific than top-down

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