The bigger picture

  • Created by: holly6901
  • Created on: 02-05-19 10:52
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  • The bigger picture
    • Environmental concerns
      • To produce, distribute and use computers, resources are required.
        • Metals and plastics are used to manufacture components, and energy is expended in distributing equipment and in using it.
        • Many computers, such as web servers, domain name serversand data centres, need to be left running continuously. This requires lots of energy.
          • Additionally, businesses, organisations, schools and homes all now have greater access to technology, all of which use energy.
        • Many computer components are either hard to recycle, or contain toxic materials, such as lead.
        • Technology also affects health. For example, people involved in the computer recycling process can be affected by toxic materials.
    • Ethical issues
      • Inclusion
        • Inclusion means enabling everyone to be able to access the benefits of technology. A digital divide exists between those people who can use technology and are comfortable doing so, and those who are not.
        • The digital divide also refers to the division between people who are able to afford technology and those who cannot.
          • Not everyone can afford the latest smartphone or games console. This is not just a national issue, but an international one too.
            • Many people live in countries where access to computers is expensive and unaffordable.
        • A division is also created by people not being able to access the same levels of technology.
          • For example, people in cities tend to have access to high-speed broadband, while those in rural or remote areas often do not.
        • A further division exists between those people who have good computer skills and those who do not.
          • Many employers now require good IT skills, and jobseekers who lack those skills may find it difficult to gain employment.
      • Professionalism
        • Working professionally in the computer science and information technology industry often requires knowledge and experience in the industry. developing skills and foll wing best practice.
        • Industry professionals follow a code of conduct which states the standards of an organisation. British Computer Society (BCS) is The Chartered Institute for IT and offers registration as a Chartered IT Professional
          • .If people do not work professionally, following a code of conduct, mistakes can happen.
    • Legal issues
      • Intellectual property refers to creative work such as art, music, inventions and the written word.
      • The Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 is the most relevant area of law that protects intellectual property
      • The Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 exists to protect personal or organisational creations.
      • Copyright is a legal means of ensuring that content creators can protect their work.
        • Copyright is applied automatically - it is not necessary to register copyright or to use a © symbol.
          • Work is automatically protected by copyright unless the copyright holder chooses to give that right away.
      • When using computers, unless you have permission with regard to particular copyrighted material, it is illegal to:make copies of the material, publish it and sell it without permission, distribute it to other people or sell copies to other people
      • There are two types of ownership and licensing software:open source software and proprietary software
        • Open source software is software where the source code is freely available and doesn’t cost anything to purchase.
        • Proprietary software is copyrighted and only available under licence.
      • When digital data has been stolen or damaged in a cyber-security attack, several laws are relevant:
        • The Network and Information Security Directive 2016/1148 became law in 2018. It applies to any organisation that supplies a service affecting the running of the UK.

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