the behaviourist approach

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  • the behaviourist approach
    • strengths
      • uses quantitative data
        • repeatable
      • reductionist
      • it has practical applications
    • weaknesses
      • generalised from animals
      • only considers nurture as the important side of the debate
    • key features
      • all behaviour is learnt
      • nurture not nature
      • uses environmentaldeterminism
        • this is where behaviour is reduced to a simple stimulus response association
      • nomothetic
        • this is when results from experiments are generalised to explain behaviours to everyone
      • experiments look for observable behaviours
      • uses quantitive data from experiments
      • there's no fundamental distinction between human and animal behaviour
    • key experiments
      • pavlovs dog
        • classical conditioning
      • skinners rat
        • operant conditioning


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