Outline the Behaviourist Approach

  • Created by: imyimss
  • Created on: 28-09-18 20:51
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  • OUTLINE THE BEHAVIOURIST APPROACH
    • all behaviour is acquired and maintained through classical and operant conditioning without the need to consider thoughts and feelings
    • conditioning means learning
      • CLASSICAL CONDITIONING: NS is constantly paired with UCS so it eventually takes on properties of this stimulus and produces CR
        • UCS = UCR
          • NS + UCS = UCR
            • overtime NS becomes CS + produces now CR
        • involves involuntary behaviours
    • EXPERIMENTS AND SCHOLARS
      • Watson & Rayner - Little Albert experiment
      • Bandura - Bobo Doll experiment
      • Skinner - Skinners box
    • ASSUMPTIONS
      • objects vagueness of introspection so focuses on observable events instead
      • only behaviour that can be objectively measured and observed is studied
        • objects vagueness of introspection so focuses on observable events instead
      • we are born blank slates and all behaviour is learnt from experience (empiricism)
        • tabula rasa
      • basic laws of learning apply to both human and non-humans (universal)
        • valid to replace humans with animals in experiments
          • Skinner's Box experiment
  • basic laws of learning apply to both human and non-humans (universal)
    • valid to replace humans with animals in experiments
      • Skinner's Box experiment
  • positive reinforcement
    • REINFORCEMENT
      • negative reinforcement
        • removing something unpleasant and so restore organism to pre-aversive state
    • when behaviour produce a consequence thats satisfying / pleasant
  • unpleasant consequence following a behaviour
    • behaviour less likely to occur again
    • PUNISHMENT

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