Battle of Actium

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  • Due to Antony's dealing in the East, he was drifting away from the Roman values which did not impress Octavian.
    • After his invasion of Armenia in 34 BC, Antony "donated" some areas of the Empire to Cleopatra and her children.
      • Not long after this, Antony sent a notification of his divorce from Octavia.
      • After Augustus read Antony's will were he chose Cleopatra and her children as the receivers, war was decleared on him and Cleopatra
    • The Battle of Actium (31 BC)
      • ANTONY:       Plutarch says that Antony had over 500 ships in his army, 20,000 talents and a vast grain supply
        • Octavian then brought his troops from over the Adriatic to an area just north of Actium.
          • After this, Octavian made a few small attacks to Antony's army which eventually cut off his grain supply
            • Antony's legions were also infected with disease which decreased their numbers heavily
          • Octavian also had a navy with much lighter ships which meant that they were able to move around more quickly and efficiently
      • AFTER
        • Octavian was hailed as imperator for the 6th time
        • All of Antony's legions then deflected over to Octavian's e which mean that he had the largest army in the Empire.
        • Antony and Cleopatra kill themseleves
        • In 30 BC, Augustus invaded Egypt and put it under Roman rule
          • This then resulted in him gaining all of its riches, money and grain
            • the grain was then given to the plebs = happy
  • Untitled
  • Octavian then brought his troops from over the Adriatic to an area just north of Actium.
    • After this, Octavian made a few small attacks to Antony's army which eventually cut off his grain supply
      • Antony's legions were also infected with disease which decreased their numbers heavily
    • Octavian also had a navy with much lighter ships which meant that they were able to move around more quickly and efficiently
  • BEFORE
  • Poor communication heavily impacted the result o the battle, whereby Antony and Cleopatra held out for too long
    • THE BATTLE
      • ANTONY:       Plutarch says that Antony had over 500 ships in his army, 20,000 talents and a vast grain supply
      • After this, they then deserted their legions which then led to an inevitable defeat
    • In 30 BC, Augustus invaded Egypt and put it under Roman rule
      • This then resulted in him gaining all of its riches, money and grain
        • the grain was then given to the plebs = happy
    • Octavian's rival is finally dead
      • Antony and Cleopatra kill themseleves

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