The arms race and the Warsaw Pact

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  • The arms race and the Warsaw pact
    • The significance of the nuclear arms race
      • 1. Up to 1949, the United States thought it could use the monopoly of nuclear weapons to deter soviet attacks
        • 2. This meant that US military figures decided that the best strategy in the event of war with Soviet Union was to use nuclear weapons
          • 3. However, by the mid 1950s the development of nuclear weapons to include bigger warheads and missile delivery systems meant that any nuclear war would destroy both sides resulting in Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD)
            • 4. This meant that military confrontation could quickly escalate to nuclear war
              • 5. This meant that the USA and the Soviet Union had to find ways of stopping disputes between them turning into dangerous wars that involved nuclear weapons.
      • 2. This meant that US military figures decided that the best strategy in the event of war with Soviet Union was to use nuclear weapons
        • 3. However, by the mid 1950s the development of nuclear weapons to include bigger warheads and missile delivery systems meant that any nuclear war would destroy both sides resulting in Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD)
          • 4. This meant that military confrontation could quickly escalate to nuclear war
            • 5. This meant that the USA and the Soviet Union had to find ways of stopping disputes between them turning into dangerous wars that involved nuclear weapons.
    • Formation of the Warsaw Pact
      • The Warsaw pact was a treaty involving the Soviet Union, Poland, Hungary, East Germany, Czechoslavakia, Romania, Albania and Bulgaria
        • It was set up on May 14 1955 following West Germany's entry into NATO on 9 May 1955
    • Significance of the Warsaw Pact
      • The formation of the Warsaw Pact meant there were now two opposing alliances in Europe separated by the Iron Curtain.
      • Both alliances planned for military action against the other, including the use of nuclear and conventional weapons
        • The Warsaw Pact gave the Soviet Union direct control over the armed forces of its satellite states, thus strengthening its grip on Eastern Europe.

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