Fold Mountains Case Study - The Alps

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  • The Alps and its uses
    • Farming
      • The steep upland areas are used to farm goats, which provide milk, cheese and meat
      • Some sunnier slopes have been terraced to plant vineyards
    • Tourism
      • 100 million tourists visit the alps each year, making tourism a huge part of the economy.
      • 70% of tourists visit the steep, snow covered mountains in the winter for skiing, snowboarding and ice climbing.
      • New villages have been built to cater for the quantity of tourists visiting for walking, mountain biking, paragliding and climbing
      • Ski runs, ski lifts, cable cars, holiday chalets and restaurants pepper the landscape
    • Hydro-electric power (HEP)
      • The narrow valleys are dammed to generate HEP, e.g. in the Berne area in Switzerland. Switzerland gets 60% of its electricity from HEP stations in the Alps
      • The electricity produced is used locally to power homes and businesses. It's also exported to towns and cities further away
    • Mining
      • Salt, iron core, gold, silver and copper were mined in the alps, but the mining has declined dramatically due to cheaper foreign sources
    • Forestry
      • Scots Pine is planted all over the Alps because it's more resilient to the munching goats, which kill native tee saplings. The trees are logged and sold to make things like furniture
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