The 1905 Revolution

  • Created by: joelym
  • Created on: 04-11-18 14:32
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  • The 1905 Revolution
    • The Tsar
      • Autocrat who believed he had divine right to rule
      • Used the Okhrana (secret police) to deal with opposition
      • Was not informed about the realities of life in Russia
      • Sent troops to deal with protestors
      • Spent time with family rather than attending governmental matters
      • Oppositions  were divided into small groups so were not a major threat
    • Long-Term Causes
      • Economic Hardship
        • Over 3/4 of the population were unhappy with their position in the Empire
        • Living and working conditions were poor for workers (11.5 hour working day)
      • Political Opposition
        • Protests and strike were increasing in the early 1900s
        • In the years leading up to 1905, around 2,000 political assassinations were carried out
    • Short-Term Causes
      • Bloody Sunday
        • Demands made: -improved working conditions -freedom of press,speech and religion -8-hour working day
        • 200,000 people marched to the Winter Palace to deliver the petition to the Tsar - around 200 people were killed by rifle fires and Cossack charge
      • Russo-Japanese War
        • Russia suffered a huge defeat- patriotism fell, critical attention was brought to the Tsar
        • Already limited grain and fuel supply in Russia lessened as they were being diverted to the war
    • October Manifesto
      • Duma- elected parliament
      • Right to free speech and to form a political party
      • Stolypin
        • Set up peasant banks, allowing peasants to buy land by providing loans - increased production of grain (record in 1913) - Kulaks rose
        • Executed thousands in the countryside to deal with unrest when first appointed
        • Factories became more efficient- investments were made into machinery- however the average wage for workers was lower than in 1903
  • Short-Term Causes
    • Bloody Sunday
      • Demands made: -improved working conditions -freedom of press,speech and religion -8-hour working day
      • 200,000 people marched to the Winter Palace to deliver the petition to the Tsar - around 200 people were killed by rifle fires and Cossack charge
    • Russo-Japanese War
      • Russia suffered a huge defeat- patriotism fell, critical attention was brought to the Tsar
      • Already limited grain and fuel supply in Russia lessened as they were being diverted to the war

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