Textiles

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  • Created by: ruby
  • Created on: 15-05-13 17:00
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  • Textiles
    • Seams
      • Flat seam
      • French seam
      • Open seam
      • Closed seam
    • Health and safety
      • consumer rights
        • labels tell us....
          • flamability
            • cushions
          • choking hazards for children
            • buttons
            • sweat-jumpers
            • nightwear
            • toys
          • warning to people who may be allergic to a fabric
    • Quality Control
      • Quality Control shortes to QC
      • Products are checked to assess;
        • flaws in fabric
        • measurement
        • colour of the product
        • components such as buttons, zips etc.
    • Methods of production
      • Mass produced
        • This method is used to produce large amounts of one product, and they are all identical. This method is cheap because you can buy fabrics in bulk. The products themselves are very cheap because you can buy material in bulk and the use of CAM makes in very quick to make the products.
          • white top, black socks
      • Batch
        • This method is used when you want to make a specific amount of one product.
          • limited edition
      • One-off
        • also called a prototype
        • A One off product is where you only make one of that product, this is why the product produced are unique. This method is very expensive as materials can't be bought in bulk. This method of production is very time consuming as it made by one person or a group of people. It can take from over a day or weeks.
          • wedding dress
    • Smart materials
      • A smart fabrics can sence, react and adapt to certain conditions
        • Thermo-chromic fabrics
          • These react to warmth. The dyes used become colourless and make the fabric change colour.
            • These are used on global hyper colour shirts and medical applications.
        • UV sensitive fabrics
          • These react to UV light (sunlight)
            • used for children's swim wear.
        • Glow in the dark fabrics
          • These change colour with light but when it is dark the fabric glows
            • These fabrics have to be changed by a light source
            • Used for safety clothing and club wear
        • fluorescent fabrics
          • The dyes used on these fabrics absorb and emit extra light.
            • Used for brightly coloured safety wear
        • Biomimetics
          • This fabrics design idea is taken from nature.
            • Stomatex- allows skin to breathe (like leaf surface) but keeps water out.
            • Speedo fastskin- mimics skarks skin, allows swimmer to be more streamlined in the water
    • sustainability and environmental issues
      • A sustainability product is designed to have little or no impact o the environment.
      • Environmental issues
        • Dyes can pollute  rivers and seas
          • solution-use natural dyes
        • synthetic fabrics don't recycle
          • use natural fabrics-cotton
            • problems - using land with could grow food on, pesticides have to be used-health problems for farmers, shipping to the UK- co2 emissions , plants need water-used a lot of water.
          • use regenerated fabrics such as tencel and lyocell
        • the demand for clothes changes every season- new trends.
          • design garments with recyclable fabrics
      • Problems with natural fibres
    • CAD\CAM
      • CAM- computer aided manufacture
        • CAM benefits industry as it can;change the pattern sizes, it makes sure the patterns placed onto the fabric close together (more efficient), does printing, weaves etc.
      • CAD-computer aided design
        • Using computers to help with the design a product speeds up the production as drawing and sketching is time consuming. Also computers can pass the detailed design information to the machinery quickly.
  • Methods of production
    • Mass produced
      • This method is used to produce large amounts of one product, and they are all identical. This method is cheap because you can buy fabrics in bulk. The products themselves are very cheap because you can buy material in bulk and the use of CAM makes in very quick to make the products.
        • white top, black socks
    • Batch
      • This method is used when you want to make a specific amount of one product.
        • limited edition
    • One-off
      • also called a prototype
      • A One off product is where you only make one of that product, this is why the product produced are unique. This method is very expensive as materials can't be bought in bulk. This method of production is very time consuming as it made by one person or a group of people. It can take from over a day or weeks.
        • wedding dress

Comments

NASREEN THE BEST YEH

really good thankyou for the resources

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