text 5, parents with children starting primary school in recenty years

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  • Created on: 03-05-15 15:26
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  • text 5, parents with children starting primary school in recent years
    • Definitions
      • Birth rate
        • The number of live births per thousand of the population of the year.
      • Total fertility rate
        • Is the average number of children women will have during their fertile years. (15-44)
      • Immigration
        • Refers to movement into an area or society
      • Demography
        • The study of the poultion, including birth, death, fertility, immigration and infant mortality rates
      • Immigrant mothers
        • women which move in to a county and give birth to a child.
    • Local government association funds schools through council tax
    • Text 5
      • Source: daily telegraph
        • Secondary data, media source
        • Qualitative data, written information.
          • Patterns/ trends
            • The UK need to provide 450, 000 more primary school places from 2012-2016
              • There are 400,44000 spaces available but not where demand is.
                • Parents are not sending their children to unpopular/ poorer schools.
            • Some areas will have to increase their class size by 10%
              • May need to increase the legal upper limit to 30 for infant class.
                • Change in law.
        • Produced 2012
    • Explanations for the limited amount of primary school places
      • Increase in birth rate by 20% from 2002.
        • There is an increase in the amount of women having children later.
          • Text 4
            • Source: the daily telegraph, media source.
              • Used primary data from Births and Deaths in England and Wales ONS
                • Accurate information came from government. Makes article valid.
            • Published 2011
            • Qualitative, provides two reasons why there has been a baby boom.
            • Quantitative, presents a statistic from the official statistics.
              • Information, is reliable as government collected information in a standardised way, meaning the research can be repeated. however, the write up of the source could vary depending on the editor
        • Population bulge in major cities, birth rate is increasing quickly.
        • Conservatives suggest the welfare benefits system encourages poorly educated teenagers to get pregnant as 16 year olds will be provided for and get twice the amount of benefits than a student at sixth form would.
    • Solutions to the limited places
      • build more schools
      • Expand current schools
      • Increase class size
      • Restrict choice
    • problems with limited places and increase in birth rate.
      • Financial constraints, costs more to provide more school places
      • Achievement may be effected as schools have to share their resources amongst more children.
        • Children have less one to one time with their teacher
      • Takes time to build the new school buildings
      • There is criteria to meet before schools can be built, long process of forms
        • Need planning permission
    • Advantages
      • More teachers and TAs will be needed increasing levels of employment.
    • Reason for rise in births in older women
      • Women want to develop a career before having children
      • Contraception allows women to choose
      • Rise in fertility may take longer to conceive once a decision has been made
      • Women may wish to 'shop around' before settling down with a partner.
      • Change in women's priorities, may prefer to have a materialistic lifestyle, cannot afford luxury things than a child.
      • Advances in Technology allow women to delay having children, e.g. freezing eggs.
    • Why do people choose to move to UK
      • To escape religious and political persecution
      • To escape poverty and deprivation
      • To improve living standards
      • To enjoy greater educational and job opportunities
      • To join up with a family.
      • NHS + welfare benefits
    • Benefits to ethnically diverse population
      • Economic benefits e.g. specialist skills
      • Cultural benefits, food, music and language
      • Break down prejudice and discrimination
      • Increase revenue through taxation
    • Disadvantages for an ethnically diverse population
      • Unemployment if immigrants take minimum wage jobs.
      • Overcrowding homes, schools, health services
      • Language and cultural differences cause racial tension

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