teleological ethics

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  • consequentialism
    • Teleological Ethics
      • different branches
        • utilitarianism- greatest happiness of the greatest number is teleological
        • hedonism- people should maximise human pleasure
        • opposed to deontological ethics
      • in practice people don't use 'act consequentialism' and instead use rule consequentialism (so, in general, lying is bad)
        • act consequentialism- action becomes morally right when it produces the greatest good for the greatest number of people
        • rule consequentialism- the moral correctness of an action depends on the moral correctness of the rules that allow it to achieve the greatest good
      • pros/ cons
        • mostly agrees with our moral reasoning
        • depends on a person's own perception
        • a 'bad' action can have 'good' results
        • isn't concerned with the minority
        • promotion of happiness and utility
        • relatively precise/ objective method for moral decision making
    • no act is inherently wrong, it depends on the result of the act
    • people should do whatever produces the greatest amount of good consequences. E.g. utilitarianism/ situation ethics
    • more good consequences an act produces, the better/ more right the act is
    • e.g. giving money to a poor person might NOT be moral if they used it for drugs (if drug use is immoral)


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