Teleogical Argument

  • Created by: ZoeRanger
  • Created on: 03-12-18 09:48
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  • Teleological Argument
    • St Thomas Aquinas
      • Influenced by Aristotle
        • Intelligent designer gives purpose and influences unknowledgeable natural things in the world - God
        • Aquinas links Aristotle's idea of a final cause to God
      • 5th Way
        • When you look at the natural world you can see everything in it follows natural laws even if things are not conscious, thinking beings
          • If things follow natural laws they tend to do well and have some goal or purpose
            • However, if a thing cannot think for itself it does not have any goal or purpose unless it is directed by something that think
      • Combine faith and reason
        • Saw intelligence in the universe
        • 5 arguments to prove God's existence
      • 1225-1274
    • William Paley
      • 1743-1805
      • Human Eye
      • Weakness = he compared the natural world to a machine
      • Nature = complex
        • Requires a great designer
          • Too complex for humans
            • Grand designer
              • God
      • Comparison of a rock and a watch
        • Part 1
          • You could conclude a rock had been there forever and would think much about it. But a watch you could conclude:
            • a) Has a purpose
            • c) Parts are ordered so it can function
            • b) Parts work together and fit for a purpose
            • d) If the parts were ordered differently it wouldn't work
            • Conclusion = the watch had a maker
        • Part 2
          • 1) Suppose the watch had another imaginary function that of producting other watches
            • 2) If this were the case, your admiration for the watch would maker would be increased
              • 3) Conclusion: any person finding such a watch would conclude that the design of the watch implies the presence of intelligence and mind
    • Aristotle
      • 385-322BC
      • 4 Causes
        • Efficient Cause
        • Formal Cause
        • Final Cause
        • Maternal Cause
          • Influneced by Aquinas
      • Concluded a Prime Mover
        • 'Intelligent Designer'
    • F.R.Tennant
      • A combination of things we observe in the world leads us to believe God exists
        • The way the world is and how humans are, is best explained by God guiding intelligence behind creation
      • Influenced
        • Aesthetic argument
          • Humans appreciate aesthetic activities which are not necessary for mere survival so cannot have come here about through natural selection so must be the product of a design creator
        • Anthropic argument
          • The world only exists as it does and supports life because a number of physical constants exists therefore this requires such fine tuning it cannot have happened by chance, someone must have made it happen
      • The God Hypothesis
      • 1866-1957

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