The USSR under Pressure

A mind map to show the state the USSR at the beginning of the 1980's following the collapse of détente and

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  • The USSR under Pressure
    • Following Brezhnev's death in 1982, the Soviet economy was struggling
      • Rate of growth of consumer goods had levelled to zero
      • Health care quality dropped
        • Infant mortality rate rose
    • Gross national product between 1965 and 1970 was 5.2%
      • Between 1975 and 1980 GNP had dropped to 2.7%
      • GNP is used to measure the economic growth/decline of a nation. It is the annual value of a nations productivity in terms of manufacturing and services
    • Technological advanced the USSR had made in space and the military weren't transferred over to the civilian world
      • Number of telephones:
        • USSR: 16 million
        • USA 138 million
      • Number of computers:
        • USA: 170,000
        • USSR: 15,000
    • Industrial decline caused by the international recession between 1979 and 1982 weakened communist control on the Eastern bloc states
      • USSR unable to supply cheap supplies to its satellites so stopped receiving manufactured goods
        • Undermined confidence in the communist system
    • Droughts and bad harvests had damaged Soviet harvests in the early 80's
      • Agreement with the USA to buy 8 millions tonnes of grain annually
    • Détente had collapsed by 1981
      • USA placed trade embargoes on exports to the USSR
      • Escalation of the nuclear arms race up to 1984


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