Teen-speak theorists

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  • Teen-speak theorists
    • Martinez
      • Teenagers use negatives more frequently than adults do, including orders, suggestions and refusals.
      • Teenagers are more direct when speaking because adults are more conscious about the way they say things as to not threaten a speaker's face.
      • Teenagers' negatives are usually informal like "no way", "dunno", "I couldn't give a toss"
      • Teenagers use multiple negation and the non-standard use of 'never'
    • Berland
      • Social class is an important factor in teenspeak.
        • 'innit' - more common in working class teens
        • "yeah" is more common in middle class teens
      • Both genders equally use "innit", "right" and "yeah."
        • "Okay" is used more by boys than girls
    • John Ayto, editor of the Oxford Dictionary of Modern Slang, said fillers are a way we all stall for time when speaking and historically always have. It has nothing to do with sloppiness
    • Stenstrom et al.
      • Teens use non standard pronouns (e.g. theirselves), multiple negation, "ain't", and ellipsis of auxiliary verbs.
    • Odato
      • Children as young as 4 using "like" because they're copying adults' use of it.
      • Stage 1 - use "like" infrequently and "only a few syntactic positions" like at the start of a clause.        Stage 2 - more often in a great number of positions    Stage 3 - more frequently like before a prepositional phrase, "How yours landed like right on the target."
    • Linguist Mary Kohn argues that "our language is constantly developing and changing and becoming what it needs to be for the generation who is speaking it . There may be strong social motivations to craft an identity towards a specific social group" Such as in the past, we would use "omnibus" for "bus" - which is now strange.
    • "Most teenagers would use none of these ‘lingos’ in texts/messages because they are fundamentally wrong for the purpose of being a teenager"
    • Jean Gross - 'Teenagers are spending more time communicating through electronic media and text messaging, which is short and brief" and "only use 800 different words a day"
    • teenage use of MLE
    • recent studies from Coventry University have reported that children can still distinguish between formal and informal speech.


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