TB6 Yr 2 Development and Language Overview

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  • Created on: 06-11-15 14:29
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  • Year 2 Development and Language; TB6 Sentences and Meaning
    • Lecture 1; Word Meanings and Ambiguity
      • What is ambiguity and how do we understand it?
        • Types of ambiguity
          • Syntactic ambiguity
        • Ambiguity providing information about word recognition processes
      • Models of sentence contexts and effect on multiple meanings
        • Multiple access model
        • Context Guided model
        • The influence of sentence context is considered in both models, they differ on;
          • When?
          • How?
          • Meaning frequency?
      • Evidence to support models
        • Cross-modal priming research
          • An ONLINE task
        • Lexical decision tasks
        • Meta-analyses
        • Meaning frequency effects
    • Lecture 2; The Structure of Sentences
      • The main objectives behind sentence processing
        • Parsing
          • A constructive process fundamentally different from word recognition
          • Incremental?
          • Single v.s all possible interpretations?
          • Phrase structure grammar
            • Grammatical 'rules' creating infinite complexity
            • Syntactic trees
        • Phrase structure grammar
          • Grammatical 'rules' creating infinite complexity
          • Syntactic trees
      • Syntactic ambiguity
        • Attachment (tree) ambiguity
        • Global v.s local ambiguity
        • Ambiguity resolution strategies
      • The Garden Path theory
        • Core concepts
          • Incremental
          • Serial
          • Autonomous
          • Innate/ universal
    • Lecture 3; Support for models of structure of sentences
      • Semantic Factors in Parsing
        • Referential context
        • Effects of minimal attachment
        • The effect of Animacy
      • Alternatives to the Garden-path approach
        • Referential Theory
          • Incremental parallel processes
          • Weak interaction
          • There is never a truly neutral context
          • Context can override the garden path effect
        • Constraint based frameworks
          • Parser considers alternatives in parallel
            • Ambiguity resolution = a constraint satisfaction process
          • Multiple constraint sources for various competing processes
      • Cross-linguistic evidence for parsing
        • Evidence from ambiguity resolution studies suggests NO UNIVERSAL PARSER
      • Eye tracking studies are sensitive to the speed of processing for individual words
    • Lecture 4; How do we use language?
      • How language interacts with our exploration of the world
        • Modularity and autonomy
        • Visual context having an influence on parser
        • Language guiding vison and action
          • Prediction
      • 'Common ground'
        • The avoidance of ambiguity
          • Pair studies; conveyance of ambiguity in lexical tasks
          • Avoidance of egocentric perspective studies
            • Cultural differences
      • Direct v.s indirect speech
        • The LITERAL meaning (10%) v.s the meaning BEYOND literal (90%)
        • How do we understand indirect speech?
        • Fictive motion studies
      • The impact of conversation on language
        • Grice's (1975) conversation maxims
          • Quantity
          • Quality
          • Relevence
          • Clarity/ manner
    • Tutorial; Bilingualism and the consequences of learning multiple languages

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