Taxonomy meanings

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  • Taxonomy
    • Kingdom
      • 5 Kingdoms - Animalia          Plantae          Fungi             Protoctista      Prokaryotae
      • Based on what their cells are like.
    • Phylum
      • A large grouping of all the classes that share common features
      • Grouping related organisms together
    • Class
      • Grouping similar organisms that have more characteristics in common than do members of a phylum e.g. insecta (insects)
    • Order
      • Families sharing a set of similar nature or character e.g Orthoptera (includes locusts, grasshoppers, crickets)
    • Family
      • Organisms belonging to the same family would have evolved from the same ancestors and would share common features
    • Species
      • Group of organisms that share a LARGE NUMBER of common characteristics
      • Organisms that can interbreed to produce fertile offspring e.g wolves and dogs
      • Last part of an organisms latin name e.g wolves (Canis lupus)
  • Genus
    • Taxonomy
      • Kingdom
        • 5 Kingdoms - Animalia          Plantae          Fungi             Protoctista      Prokaryotae
        • Based on what their cells are like.
      • Phylum
        • A large grouping of all the classes that share common features
        • Grouping related organisms together
      • Class
        • Grouping similar organisms that have more characteristics in common than do members of a phylum e.g. insecta (insects)
      • Order
        • Families sharing a set of similar nature or character e.g Orthoptera (includes locusts, grasshoppers, crickets)
      • Family
        • Organisms belonging to the same family would have evolved from the same ancestors and would share common features
      • Species
        • Group of organisms that share a LARGE NUMBER of common characteristics
        • Organisms that can interbreed to produce fertile offspring e.g wolves and dogs
        • Last part of an organisms latin name e.g wolves (Canis lupus)
    • Species that are structurally similar or phylogenetically related
    • Scientific way of showing that organisms are very closely related
    • First part of the organisms latin name e.g lions (Panthera tigris)

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