Tajfel (1971)

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  • Tajfel (1971)
    • Aims
      • To see if simply putting people into two minimal groups without the existence of prejudice would be enough to create prejudice
      • Wanted to research discrimination and not prejudice, he thought that discrimination was a bi-product of prejudice
        • Discrimination is easier to measure as its observable
      • Whether discrimination could be created from meaningless tasks
    • MJP= maximum joint profit
    • MIP= Maximum     in-group profit
    • MD= maximum difference
    • Conclusions
      • Prejudice and discrimination is very easy to trigger
      • Groupness is stronger than fairness
    • Evaluation
      • Task lacks mundane realism
      • Lacks ecological validity
      • Could be seen that the pps were giving in to demand characteristics
        • School boys divided into groups by adults so would automatically assume that there is competition
      • People have argued that Tajfel had interpreted his results wrongly
      • It was well controlled and thus, somewhat valid
        • E.g no face to face interaction between groups

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